The Egyptian educational system is highly centralized, and is divided into three stages:
- Basic Education :Arabic: التعليم الأساسى transliteration: al-Taʿaleem al-Asassī
- Primary Stage
- Preparatory Stage
- Secondary Education:Arabic: التعليم الثانوى al-Taʿaleem al-Thanawī
- Post-Secondary education :Arabic: التعليم الجامعى : al-Taʿaleem al-Gammeʿī
Since the extension of the free compulsory education law in 1981 to include the Preparatory Stage, both Primary and Preparatory phases (Ages 6 through 14) have been combined together under the label Basic Education. Education beyond this stage depends on the student's ability
Technical Secondary Education
Azhar Education System
The Azhar education system is supervised by the Supreme Council of the Al-Azhar Institution. The Azhar Institution itself is nominally independent from the Ministry of Education, but is ultimately under supervision by the Egyptian Prime Minister.
The Azhar schools are named "Institutes" and include primary, preparatory, and secondary phases.
All schools in all phases teach non-religious subjects, to a certain degree, although not as intensively as the state schools. The bulk of the curriculum, however, consists of religious subjects as described below. All the students are Muslims, and males and females are separated in all phases. The Azhar schools are spread all over the country, especially in rural areas. The graduates of the Azhar secondary schools are eligible to continue their studies only at the Al-Azhar University. In the early 2000s, the Azhar schools accounted for less than 4% of the total enrollment.
There are both private and public institutions of higher education in Egypt. Public higher education is free in Egypt, and Egyptian students only pay registration fees. Private education is much more expensive. Major universities include Cairo University (100,000 students), Alexandria University, Ain Shams University, and the 1,000-year-old Al-Azhar University, while the American University in Cairo, the German University in Cairo and the Université
Française d'Égypte are of the leading private universities
Types of Schools
Generally speaking, there are two types of go
vernment schools: Arabic Schools and Experimental Language Schools.
- Arabic Schools, provide the governmental national curriculum in the Arabic Language.
- Experimental Language Schools, teach most of the government curriculum in English, and ad d French as a second foreign language.
Generally speaking, there are three types of private schools:
- Ordinary schools, their curriculum is quite similar to that of the government schools, but the private schools pay more attention to the students' personal needs and to the school facilities.
- Language schools, teach most of the government c urriculum in English, and add French or German as a second foreign language. They are expected to be better than the other schools, because of the facilities available, but their fees are mu ch higher. Some of these schools use French or German as their main language of instruction, but it may be difficult for the student to study in governmental universities in Arabic or English afterwards.
- Religious Schools, are religiously oriented schools that are sponsored by the Muslim Brotherhood movement, especially in the western delta region. Their curricula differ from those of the state or the Azhar schools.
Many of the private schools were built by missionar
ies, are currently affiliated with chur
ches and provide quality education.
Universities in Egypt are generally either state-funded or privately funded. Education in Egypt is free by law, however there are very small fees paid for enrollment. Public institutions, with few exceptions are generally overcrowded with a student body of several thousands. Private universities are either Egyptian or foreign, and usually have a much smaller student body and
with a much higher tuition rates
Public universities are under government administration. Public Higher education is free in Egypt, and Egyptian students only pay registration fees. International students pay full tuition with fees that reach up to £ 1,500 a year. In 2004, the Egyptian government announced its plan to create new public universities from splitting multi-branch universities (Cairo University, Tanta University). This should allow the expansion of these
much neglected smaller rural branches and provide space for the increasing number of students.
nce and Technology (AAST). Under a new law in 1993, Egyptian private universities were established starting from 1996. These new universities are accredited from the Egyptian Supreme Council of Universities every 3 years, in addition to accreditation from foreign educational bodies in Europe. Université Française d'Égypte and the German University in Cairo are examples of such universities in Egypt.
Admission to public universities and institutions operates through a cen
tralized office, Admission Office of Egyptian Universities (Arabic:مكتب تنسيق الجامعات المصرية Maktab Tanseek Al-Jame'at Al-Masriyah). This office receives applications after the results from the General Secondary Education Certificate are announced in any of its offices or online. The application dates are announced every year but usually take place every August. The application is both discipline-based and university-based. Students are asked to fill the admissions application that listing their choices of their desired discipline and university in a descending order of priority. Students with higher scores have a better chance of securing a place for themselves in their school of choice. While lower-scoring student may "get stuck" in a school or discipline different from that they desired, which might lead th
em to seek admission in private universities where competition for places is less fierce. Admission to private universities is different and is similar to world wide enrollment procedures. A student applies to a specific university and goes through its admission process. However restrictions on the admission to certain schools, especially medical school and engineering, are put by the ministry of education to add some balance and equality between the rich and the under-privileged, by putting a minimum score limit for each discipline (eg. medicine, pharmacy, engineering...) Several reforms are currently being studied, that includes canceling the free tuition rule for Egyptian students in public universities, and making this rule work for the under-privileged, honor students or based on merit.
Public universities in Egypt get their funding from the state as they are state-owned. Egyptian students receive their tuition free of charge but pay a very small registration fee. However, Non-Egyptians pay full tuition and fees that are estimated around £ 1,500.
Private universities in Egypt receive no state funding and are solely dependent on their resources and supporting foundations and societies. Tuition a
nd fees range from $ 2,000 to 11,000 per semester.
Almost all public Egyptian universities provide rented accommodation normally for relocated students (typically rooms or dormitories in same sex campuses) with the majority of local students living in their parental homes, in marked contrast to universities in the western world.
By a recent Higher Education law, students have a priority to frequent a local university
List of Egyptian universities
- Ain Shams University (established in 1950)
- Al-Azhar University (established in 975 AD)
- Alexandria University (established in 1942)
- Al-Fayyum University (established in 2005)
- Al-Minya University (established in 1976)
- Assiut University (established in 1957)
- Banha University (established in 2005)
- Bani Suwayf University (established in 2005)
- Cairo University (established in 1908)
- Helwan University (established in 1975)
- Mansoura University (established in 1972)
- Minufiya University (established in 1976)
- Sadat Academy for Management Sciences (established in 1981)
- South Valley University (established in 1994)
- Suez Canal University (established in 1976)
- Tanta University (established in 1972)
- Zagazig University (established in 1974)
- Military Technical College (MTC) (established in 1957)
- Arab Academy for Science and Technology and Maritime Transport (established 1972)
- Akhbar El Yom Academy (established in 1988)
- Al-Ahram Canadian University (ACU) (established 2005)
- American University in Cairo (AUC) (established 1919)
- Arab Open University (AOU) (established in 2002)
- British University in Egypt (BUE) (established in 2005)
- Canadian International College (CIC) (established 2004)
- Cairo American College (CAE)
- El Shorouk Academy (established 1995)
- Egyptian Russian University (ERU) (established in 2006)
- Future University in Egypt (FUE) (established in 2006)
- Université Française d'Égypte (UFE) (established in 2002)
- German University in Cairo (GUC) (Although situated 50 km from Cairo) (established in 2003)
- Heliopolis University (currently under establishment, with classes to commence in Fall 2008)
- Higher Technological Institute (HTI) (established in 1989)
- International Academy for Media Sciences (IAMS)
- Misr International University (MIU)
- Misr University for Science and Technology (MUST) (established in 1996)
- Modern Academy In Maadi (MAM) (established in 1993)
- Modern Sciences and Arts University (MSA) (established in 1996)
- Nahda University (established in 2006)
- Nile University (established July 2006)
- October 6 University (established in 1996)
- Pharos University in Alexandria (PUA) جامعة فاروس بالإسكندرية (established 2006)
- Sinai University (established in 2006)
- The High Institute of Applied Arts
- Thebes Academy (established in 1980)
This is a movie about water an How it is teached in our egyptian schools to STOP WASTING WATER!!